A specific molecule involved in maintaining pain after a nerve injury has been identified and blocked in mice by Hiroshima University researchers. These results reveal a promising therapeutic strategy for treating neuropathic pain.
Research suggests the possibility of treating a group of genetic birth defects with molecular...
In a breakthrough study that could improve how people learn and retain information, researchers...
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have identified an enzyme that acts early in...
Finding the vulnerable points where HIV enters the female reproductive tract is like searching for needles in a haystack. But Northwestern Medicine scientists have solved that challenge by creating a glowing map of the very first cells to be infected with a HIV-like virus.
Probiotic supplements protected female mice from the loss of bone density that occurs after having their ovaries removed, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine and Georgia State University have shown.
An effective vaccine against the virus that causes genital herpes has evaded researchers for decades. But now, researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago working with scientists from Germany have shown that zinc-oxide nanoparticles shaped like jacks can prevent the virus from entering cells, and help natural immunity to develop.
An important model in studying human disease, the non-coding RNA of the canine genome is an essential starting point for evolutionary and biomedical studies -- according to a new study led by The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC).
Although safe sleeping environments and reduction of behaviours associated with an increased risk of SIDS have reduced the number of events, SIDS and Asphyxia (lack of oxygen) remain among the most common causes of death in infants between the age of one month and one year.
Researchers testing the potential positive effects of "micro-injury" by brief insertion of a small needle into the hippocampal region of mice modeled with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have found that the procedure not only stimulated the hippocampus into regenerative activity, but also reduced beta-amyloid plaques, a hallmark of AD.
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have identified a circuit between two brain regions that controls alcohol binge drinking, offering a more complete picture on what drives a behavior that costs the United States more than $170 billion annually and how it can be treated.
Cancer researchers at the University of Cincinnati have found a particular signaling route in microRNA (miR-22) that could lead to targets for acute myeloid leukemia, the most common type of fast-growing cancer of the blood and bone marrow.
Research from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago conducted in mice shows the drug hydrocortisone -- a steroid commonly used to treat a variety of inflammatory and allergic conditions -- can also prevent lung damage that often develops in premature babies treated with oxygen.
The brain transfers memories from one part of the brains of rats to another during rest, a process important for memory consolidation. This new study from researchers at University College London may help further the understanding of amnesiac conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease.
Could bacteria in your gut be used to cure or prevent neurological conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety or even depression? Two researchers sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) think that’s a strong possibility.
Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin condition and the most common form of eczema, is estimated to afflict as much as 10 percent of the U.S. population. How AD arises isn’t yet fully understood, but a new study has uncovered important insights about the association of AD in dogs compared to humans.
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) have found evidence in mice that, for some types of autism, gastrointestinal difficulties may originate from the same genetic changes that lead to the behavioral and social characteristics of the condition.
Infecting laboratory mice with common pathogens changed their immune systems to better resemble those found in adult humans, according to a study published April 20 in Cell Host & Microbe. This study may contradict the belief that sterile housing is best for lab animals.
There is a way to improve heart function, which can decrease with age, according to a study in mice published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This discovery is the result of an international collaboration between Cornell University and scientists in Switzerland.