While the debate about animal research and testing can become pretty heated in the public arena, the research community and scientific animal welfare organizations have a long history of identifying common ground and working constructively together to replace, reduce and refine animal use.
Humans ignore visual input caused by our own eye movements. And now, researchers have identified...
New research shows promising progress in the use of anti-inflammatory cytokine for treatment of...
Sleep deprivation reduces aggression and affects the reproductive fitness of fruit flies,...
In a new study, investigators report that by identifying and mimicking important developmental cues, they have been able to drive cells to grow into muscle fibers, producing millimeter-long muscle fibers capable of contracting in a dish and multiplying in large numbers. This new method could offer a better model for studying muscle diseases, such as muscular dystrophy, and for testing out potential treatment options.
A team of scientists has linked changes in the structure of a handful of central brain neurons to understanding how animals adjust to changing seasons. Its findings enhance our understanding of the mechanisms vital to the regulation of our circadian system, or internal clock.
The protein RGS2 is vital for healthy egg-sperm union in mice, according to a new study from researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The protein is able to delay egg development in order to allow time for sperm to arrive and fertilization to occur.
After infection with leishmaniasis, the skin retains a population of T cells that remember how to respond and fight previous infections, according to a new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. This is the first time that a group of T cells have been found to reside in a tissue in response to a parasite infection.
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At first glance, the eyes of mammals and those of insects do not seem to have much in common. However, a comparison of the neural circuits for detecting motion shows surprising parallels between flies and mice.
With many types of cancers, early detection offers the best hope for survival. However, research into new early-detection screenings, as well as possible interventional radiology and surgical treatments, has been hindered by the lack of a large animal model that would accurately reflect the types of cancers seen in human cells.
Professor Jeremy Nicholson, a Professor of Biological Chemistry, Head of the Department of Surgery and Cancer, at Imperial College London, says that accurately measuring the biological origins of disease begins with the microbiome rather than with the genome.
Bacteria in your gut play an important role in inducing anxiety and depression, scientists from the Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute at McMaster University have discovered. Their study, published today in Nature Communications, is the first to explore the role of intestinal microbiota in altered behavior that comes from early life stress.
Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept neuroscientists busy for a long time. Researchers at the Mercator Research Group "Structure of Memory" at RUB have now found out that the same brain cells exhibit activity in both processes.
A two-step regimen of experimental vaccines against Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) prompted immune responses in mice and rhesus macaques, report National Institutes of Health scientists who designed the vaccines.
Low dose lithium reduced involuntary motor movements in a mouse model of Parkison's disease (PD), according to a study published online in Brain Research. Involuntary motor movements are a common side effect of the medications used to treat PD.
It is not surprising to find that in an animal research laboratory, first-line caretakers can be ambushed and even overcome by feelings of sadness, loss and grief such that they become disappointed, dejected, disillusioned, exhausted, or burned out.
Considering how many microorganisms we ingest each day, our gut has an extensive and well-developed immune system. This defense is involved in acute and chronic gut diseases, but it varies dramatically among people. A persistent question is how our genetic make-up affects our gut’s ability to fight infections.
In industrialized countries like Switzerland acute lymphoblastic leukemia represents the most frequent type of cancer in children. Together with international researchers, a pediatric oncologist from the University of Zurich has now succeeded in decoding a rare but always fatal subtype of this leukemia and in obtaining pointers for new therapeutic possibilities.